sendmail 8.10 is available so some of the proposals below have actually been implemented.
However, some of you are not satisfied with the available "grain" of control. sendmail 8.9 use a single access map to control nearly all anti-UBE features. This causes several problems, which are explained below.
check_*ruleset (RBL, unresolvable domains, etc), rejection and discarding of mail. Those who followed the development of 8.9.0 Beta noticed a change of the possible RHSs: RELAY has been introduced in addition to OK to allow for finer control (OK: accept, RELAY: accept and relay).
So what do you need/want? Frank Cusack already wrote a patch which introduced RELAYTO and RELAYFROM (with the obvious meaning) for finer control. With this patch, a hierarchy of values is introduced:
RELAY implies RELAYTO RELAYFROM imply OK
DISCARDXYZ some error text
Note: the feature blacklist_recipients will not only prevent local recipients from receiving mail:
badlocaluser 550 Mailbox disabled for this username host.mydomain.com 550 That host does not accept mail firstname.lastname@example.org 550 Mailbox disabled for this recipientbut it will also keep you from sending mails to all addresses/domains that have an error message or
REJECTas RHS. For example, if you blocked mail from these addresses:
email@example.com REJECT cyberspammer.com REJECTthen mail can't be sent to firstname.lastname@example.org or anyone at cyberspammer.com.
Even worse, if you block mail to a local user with the (unusual?) name com, then you can't communicate via e-mail with any domain that ends in .com. This problem occurs since usernames for feature blacklist_recipients are not tagged with a @ is it is done for check_mail.
can have domain names, e-mail addresses, local parts of e-mail addresses, and
IP addresses (complete or subnets), as LHS.
The lookup of data in the
rulesets is usually done against the most specific entry first.
So it is possible to override rejections of full domains
with acceptance of e-mail addresses.
For example, it seems to be possible to reject all mail from
but accept mail from
FRIEND@SOME.DOMAIN OK SOME.DOMAIN REJECTHowever, the access map is also used in
check_relayruleset. So if e-mail with an address like
user@SOME.DOMAINcomes from a site with the hostname
HOST.SOME.DOMAIN), it will be rejected by
DISCARD, XYZ some error text,
reject mail from a host
while check_mail would allow it:
OK for user,
REJECT for host
so we need something like:
REJECTRELAY REJECTMAIL(and we have a problem with Custom-Error-Messages...)
REJECT, XYZ some error text
REJECT, error message)
RBL_OK override RBL MAIL_OK UNQUAL_OK UNRESOLV_OK MAIL_REJECT MAIL_DISCARD RCPT_OK RCPT_REJECT RCPT_DISCARD RELAY_FROM RELAY_TO
Do you think this is necessary/useful?
The idea is to have "multiple" RHSs, and check for the occurence of the required keyword, e.g.,
R<$* OKUNQUAL $*> $@ OKHowever, I haven't started yet to write rules, so I'm not sure whether it will really work. BTW: there is a small gotcha: the keywords must be "unique", i.e., they should not appear in a user written error message. This could be achieved by using delimiters, e.g.,
134.245 :OKRBL:RelayFrom: dialup.some.domain :RejectRelay::;550 no direct access for dialups.which at least minimizes the problem of getting a wrong match.
However, there is still a problem with this: if we do a lookup of an entry, we may get something in return we aren't interested in. So the rules become more complicated since they have to filter relevant results, and for those values that are not relevant in the particular context, lookups of other data must continue. Example:
user@domain :ToReject: @domain :FromOK:If check_mail looks up the sender address user@domain it will get a match on the first entry which, however, isn't relevant here, because it is intended for check_rcpt (blacklist_recipients). So the rules have to recognize this and continue lookups to find the second entry.
Another problem is the identification of error messages. Since we can have a list of possible values as RHS and only some of them are relevant in the particular rulesets, we need to make sure that the others are not interpreted as user-defined error messages as it is currently the default.
Connect:1.2.3 REJECT Connect:188.8.131.52 OK Connect:relay.domain RELAY To:another.domain RELAY From:1.2.4 OK From:some.domain REJECT From:email@example.com OK To:olduser@ REJECTThis will give high flexibility. Even though the table might be hard to read, it should be easy to generate it from simpler descriptions (different files). This should only be optional, the default behavior (and map content) should be the one which is currently supported (except for maybe some slight enhancements). Since we tag the LHS, we can have `multiple' entries, because they are distinguished by the tags. A drawback might be that it is possible to create `inconsistent' maps, that is, allow relaying by one entry, but reject mail by another. However, just as Unix isn't supposed to stop you from doing stupid things (because it would stop you doing clever things), why should sendmail? Another drawback might be a larger map, as can be seen from the example.
The tags used are
Should such a feature also be included in a future sendmail release?